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The UK Geography



The British Isles is the name for a collection of about 4000 islands, including Great Britain and Ireland. The name, the British Isles, is usually only seen on maps.
Great Britain, known as Britain or GB, is the name for the largest of the islands in the British Isles. It includes England, Scotland and Wales. It does not include Northern Ireland or the Republic of Ireland. You see the abbreviation GB on driving licences of people who live in England, Scotland and Wales.
The United Kingdom or UK is a political term which includes England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. All of these countries are represented in Parliament in London and the abbreviation UK is used on most official documents produced by Parliament.
Everybody from the UK is British, but be careful: only people from England are English. People from Wales think of themselves as Welsh; people from Scotland as Scottish; people from the Republic of Ireland as Irish and people from the Northern Ireland as either British or Irish. 


Highest mountain:
Ben Nevis, in the Highlands of Scotland, 4,406 ft (1,343 m)

Longest river:
the Severn, 200 miles (322 km) long, which rises in central Wales and flows through Shrewsbury, Worcester and Gloucester in England to the Bristol Channel

Largest lake:
Lough Neagh, Northern Ireland, 153 sq miles (396 sq km)
Deepest lake:
Loch Morar in the Highlands of Scotland, 1,017 ft (310 m) deep

Highest waterfall:
Eas a'Chual Aluinn, from Glas Bheinn, also in the Highlands of Scotland, with a drop of 660 ft (200 m)

The Channel Tunnel, near Dover in Kent, links England and France. It is 30 miles (48 km) long, of which nearly 23 miles (37 km) are actually under the English Channel.


It is said that the British are always talking about the weather! The climate in the United Kingdom is generally mild and temperate. There are few extremes of temperature, which rarely rises above 32°C or falls below -10°C.
Rainfall is greatest in western and upland parts of the country, where the annual average exceeds 1,100 mm; the higher mountain areas receive more than 2,000 mm.
During May, June and July (the months of longest daylight) the amount of sunshine varies from five hours in northern Scotland to eight hours in the Isle of Wight. During the months of shortest daylight (November, December and January) sunshine is at a minimum, with an average of an hour a day in northern Scotland and two hours a day on the south coast of England.
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