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Главная » Статьи » Английские топики » C4: Диалоги

ОБЩИЕ ЗАМЕЧАНИЯ

Как поздороваться и попрощаться:
  • Поздороваться:

Good morning / Good afternoon / Good evening / Hello / Hi / How do you do?

  • Начать разговор:

Excuse me, is anyone sitting here?

Excuse me, am I not interrupting?

Peter, is that you? We haven't seen each other for ages!
  • Представиться:

I'm ... / My name's ...

Nice to meet you. / Pleased to meet you.

  • Представить других:

John, this is Peter. / John, meet Peter.

John, I'd like you to meet Peter.

I'd like to introduce Peter Black.

May I introduce you Peter Black?

Let me intriduce Peter Black to you?

  • Закончить разговор:

Well, it's been nice talking to you.

OK, see you on Sunday.

I'm sorry, I must be going.

  • Попрощаться:

Goodbye / Bye

Bye, bye, take care.

See you. / See you soon. / See you on Monday. / Have a nice time. / Have a good weekend.

Don't forget to drop me a line.

I'll call you.

Give me a ring sometime.


Если вы не поняли слов экзаменатора,
либо не уверены, что поняли правильно:
I'm sorry, could you repeat that, please?
Could you say that/it again, please?
I'm sorry, I don't understand.
I'm sorry, I don't quite see what you mean.
What do you mean by "funny"?
What does "file" mean exactly?
Sorry, I didn't quite catch what you were saying/said.
I'm not sure if I understand. Could you explain that, please?
Could you give an example?
Could you spell your name, please?
Did you say...?
Would you like to know....?
Are you asking about....?
Should I describe....?
Do you want me to comment on...?
Do you mind speaking more slowly?
I'm wondering if you could explain me this once more.


Если у вас нет готового ответа на вопрос
и вам необходимо собраться с мыслями:
  1. Повторите вопрос экзаменатора
  2. Перефразируйте вопрос экзаменатора
  3. Используйте фразы и выражения, которые дают время на раздумье: Mmm..., Er..., Well..., You know..., Actually..., You see..., In fact..., Let me think..., Honestly..., Frankly speaking ..., The thing is..., sort of..., As far as I'm concerned..., It's difficult to say..., That's a very interesting/difficult question..., I'm not quite sure but I believe/think..., What I mean is ..., The point is ...
  4. Сошлитесь на личный опыт или мнение других людей - родителейб друзей...:  Well, I haven't thought about it too much but my father says... / I'm not familiar with ... but my friends...


Если вы не знаете или не помните какого-нибудь
слова, не волнуйтесь:
   1. Замените это слово другим, с близким или более общим значением:
lamb=meat, car=van, cheerful=optimistic...


   2. Вместо слова используйте определение или описание:
the thing you put your head on when to go to sleep (pillow),
the person people go to to have their hair cut (hairdresser)...


   3. Прибегните к жестам и мимике, покажите форму, цвет, настроение, но не злоупотребляйте:
Her dress was a funny colour..., a bit like this...


   4. Попробуйте экзаменатора помочь, но будьте готовы, что экзаменатор не будет отвечать на подобные вопросы:
What's the word for the hospital where women have babies?
What do you call the person who helps women to give birth?
I wonder if you could possibly help me with the word ...
Would you mind helping me?

Excuse me, could you tell me ...?

   5. Обойдите острые углы, используйте знакомую лексику!


Как выразить предположение:
  • Уверенность:
Of course, ... will ...
... will certainly ...
I'm absolutely sure ... will / won't ...
... is going to ...
... must / can't ...

  • Возможность / Вероятность:
I suppose ... will ...
... is likely to ...
... could / couldn't / may / might ...
I don't think ... will ...
I wouldn't be surprised if ... V2 ...
Perhaps / Probably, ...
It's possible that ...will /
V
2 ...


Как выразить чувства:What a surprise!
It can't be true.
You must be joking / kidding,
You can't be serious.
I'm surprised to here that.
I'm shocked!
I can't believe it!
Would you believe it?
I'm totally confused!


Как попросить разрешения:
Can I ...?
Could I ...?
May I ...?
Do you mind if I ...?
Is it all right if I ...?
Would you mind if I ...?
I wonder if it would be possible for me to ...

Как попросить дать указания:What should I do first?
Could you tell me what I should first?
Shall I do this first?


Как принести извинения
Как простить:

  • Принести извинения:

I'm terribly sorry.

Please forgive me.

It won't happen again.

I didn't mean to do it.

It was so silly of me.

  • Принять извинения:

Oh, that's all right, don't worry about it.

Oh, never mind, it doesn't really matter.

It's nothing, forget it.

It's OK.

It's not your fault.

I'm sure you didn't mean to do it.




Категория: C4: Диалоги | Добавил: teacher (20.12.2013)
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