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Card #8a. The Russian Federation
What can you tell your foreign friends about our country?

     The Russian Federation is the largest country in the world. It occupies about one-seventh of the earth's surface. It covers the eastern part of Europe and the northern part of Asia. Its total area is about 17 million square kilometres. The country is washed by 12 seas and 3 oceans: the Pacific, the Arctic and   the Atlantic. In the south Russia borders on China, Mongolia, Korea, Kazakhstan, Georgia and Azerbaijan. In the west it borders on Norway, Finland, the Baltic States, Belarus and Ukraine. It also has a sea-border with the USA.

     There is hardly a country in the world  where  such  a  variety  of  scenery  and  vegetation  can  be  found. There are  steppes  in  the  south, plains  and forests in the midland, tundra  and  taiga in the north; highlands and deserts in the east.
There are two Great Plains in Russia: the Great Russian Plain and the West Siberian Lowland.

     There are several mountain chains on the territory of the country: the Urals, the Caucasus, the Altai  and others. The largest mountain chain, the Urals, separates Europe from Asia.

     There are over two million rivers in Russia. Europe's biggest river, the  Volga, flows into the Caspian Sea. The main Siberian rivers, the Ob, the Yenisei and the Lena, flow from the south to the north. The Amur in the Far East flows into the Pacific Ocean.

     Russia is rich in beautiful lakes. The world's deepest lake (1, 600 metres) is Lake Baikal. It is much smaller than the Baltic Sea, but there is much more water in it than in the Baltic Sea. The water in the lake is so clear that if you look down you can see the stones on the bottom.

     Russia has one-sixth of the world's forests. They are concentrated in the European north of  the country, in Siberia and  in  the Far East.

     On the vast territory of the country there are various types of climate, from arctic in the north to subtropical in the south. In the middle of the country the climate is temperate  and  continental.

     Russia is rich in oil, coal, iron ore, natural gas, copper, nickel and other mineral resources.

     Russia is a parliamentary republic. The Head of State is the President. The legislative power is exercised by the Duma.

     The capital of Russia is Moscow. It is its largest political, scientific, cultural and industrial centre. It is one of the oldest Russian cities.

     One  Russian  symbol  is  the  Russian  national  flag. This  flag  has  three  wide  stripes  on  it. The  stripes  are  white, blue  and  red. The  upper  stripe  is  white, the  middle  stripe  is  blue  and  the  red  stripe  is  at  the  bottom. These  colours  have  always  been  symbolic  in  Russia: white - noble  and  sincere, blue - honest  and  devoted  to  friends, family  and  to  the  country. The red colour has always meant love and bravery. 

     Today there are a lot of opportunities for this country to become one of the leading countries in the world: it has great past and promising future.

Категория: Топики для продвинутых | Добавил: teacher (11.05.2011)
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