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Эссе (сочинение) по английскому языку. Тема TRAVELLING.

Эссе / сочинение 1

     Many pupils go on school trips. Some people say they are interesting and educational. Other people say that they are a waste of time and children should learn in the classroom. Most teachers are convinced that there is more to learning than lessons in the classroom. That is why they try to create memorable learning experiences with the help of educational school trips.

     School trips include a wide range of outdoor educational and residential courses, designed to stimulate, educate and motivate pupils. To my mind, school trips help teachers inspire pupils and bring subject areas to life. School trips broaden children’s mind, improve their knowledge of history and geography and make their lives interesting and eventful. Whether pupils want an educational school trip within their country or abroad their aim is the same: to enjoy sightsee­ing, to discover new things, to meet interesting people and to get wonderful impressions and learning experiences which educate, excite and inspire.

     However, some parents don’t think that school trips are essential. They believe that pupils can learn everything staying in the classroom. Other parents don’t like the fact that they have to pay for most school trips. Moreover, Moms and Dads are often afraid of possible dangers and difficulties which may arise during any school trip. Nevertheless, statistics show that school trips are usually safe for children. But reasonable safety measures are still required.

     To sum up, a school trip is a challenging, rewarding and always exciting experience. Pupils will have fun while learning new skills and capabilities. There is no better way to foster team build­ing, positive attitudes and a sense of personal achievement. I think that school trips will certainly benefit pupils’ performance back at school.

Эссе / сочинение 2

     There are people, who think that the best way to travel in a town or in a city is on foot. However a lot of others prefer driving a car or using public transport. Today everybody understands that time is money. We can’t afford to spend much time on the road, so we use cars and public transport to travel faster.

     On the one hand, we shouldn’t forget that we can use our legs. In my opinion, when people travel on foot, they can see much more on their way and enjoy the sights of a town or a city. We can stop wherever we want and admire a beautiful church or monument or drop at a cafe or a shop. We won’t be stuck in a traffic jam for several hours and we will certainly avoid road accidents. What is more, travelling on foot is much healthier that travelling by car or by bus. Walking is a perfect physical exercise that strengthens the immune system, improves mental health and helps prevent many diseases.

     On the other hand, travelling by car or by bus saves much time and effort. A lot of people pre­fer driving cars as they have speed and comfort combined. When you travel by car, you don’t depend on the weather. For example, if it rains you won’t get soaked. If it is cold, you can turn on a heater. While driving, you can listen to music or the latest news on the radio. Public trans­port is not as popular as cars. Nevertheless, thousands of people use it every day of their lives.

     To conclude, it’s up to you to decide whether to travel on foot, to drive a car or to use public transport. As for me, I am young and energetic and I am for travelling on foot.

Эссе / сочинение 3

     Many people prefer to travel abroad; others say that there is much to be seen in our own country. Most people find travelling very exciting. It gives them an opportunity to enjoy sightseeing, to discover new things, to meet interesting people, to rest physically and morally and to get wonderful impressions.

     For me there is hardly anything more interesting and exciting than a journey to a foreign country. I’ve been to London, Paris and Rome and it is the most wonderful experience in my life. Travelling abroad gives me a chance to feel thousands of miles away from home, to visit great cities and small villages, to admire foreign architecture, cuisine and culture, to make friends and what not. What is more, it is the best way to broaden your mind, to improve your knowledge of history and geography and to make your life interesting.

     However, a lot of people are sure that there is much to be seen in our own country. Indeed, it is difficult to disagree with them. There are many places of interest in my native town: ancient churches, monuments, museums and parks. One can go to Moscow and visit its theatres, cathedrals, art galleries and what not. The Kremlin attracts thousands of tourists as it is the heart of Moscow and the centre of the Russian government. St. Petersburg, the former capital of Russia, is known for its magnificent palaces, famous museums, beautiful buildings and wide streets. Besides, there are many small towns and villages in our country which are definitely worth visiting.

     To conclude, we should learn everything about our own country first of all. But if we want to learn more about the world around us and to expand the mind, we should travel abroad.

Эссе / сочинение 4

     The car has become the most popular means of transport in the history of the world. However, some people say that the world would be better off without cars. Nowadays, almost every family has a car. A lot of people say that travelling by car is very ­convenient, while others are sure that cars cause many problems.

In my opinion, the car is one of the most comfortable means of transport. Firstly, travelling by car is fast and it helps you save plenty of time. Secondly, it is comfortable because you don’t have to buy any tickets and your car is always at your disposal. Thirdly, when you travel by car, you don’t depend on the weather. While driving, you can listen to music or the latest news on the radio. And finally, you can stop where you want and have a snack or enjoy nature.

     On the other hand, travelling by car has a number of disadvantages. First and foremost, it is bad for ecology and health. Cars produce exhaust fumes which make the air foul and destroy the ozone layer protecting the Earth from the dangerous rays of the Sun. The car is not a safe means of travel as there are a lot of car and bus crashes. Travelling by car is not very convenient if the trip is long. Besides, it is rather expensive as petrol is not cheap. What is more, when we travel by car, we may be stuck in a traffic jam for several hours.

     To sum up, I think it is rather difficult to do without cars nowadays. But if we want to be healthy, we should sometimes ride a bike or walk.

Эссе / сочинение 5

     Some people think that travelling by plane is very comfortable and convenient. Others say that it has a number of disadvantages. Nowadays we can’t imagine our lives without travelling. We tend to travel longer distances and at much higher speeds. Most people say there is nothing like travel by air for them.

     Personally, I think that travelling by plane is very comfortable, quick and thrilling. It helps me save plenty of time and gives me an opportunity to visit out-of-the-way parts of the world. I don’t have to worry about anything during the flight. I can relax, listen to music, read a news­paper or take a nap. The stewardess will take care of passengers during the flight and will help them get comfortable in their seats. I can always enjoy good service and tasty food. What is more, travelling by plane gives me a wonderful opportunity to look through the porthole and to admire beautiful landscapes.

     However, some people don’t like travelling by air. Firstly, they complain that it takes them much time to check in at the airport and to have their baggage weighed. Secondly, some flights may be delayed or cancelled because of unfavourable weather conditions. Thirdly, those people who are airsick will hardly find the flight very nice. Finally, aircraft engines emit noise and gases and contribute to air pollution and global warming. Besides, a lot of people doubt that travelling by plane is safe. They are afraid of plane crashes and terrorists. But as a rule much attention is paid to security: all luggage is screened and all passengers are carefully examined.

     To conclude, it is up to you to decide whether to travel by plane or not. Anyway, all means of travel have their advantages and disadvantages.

Эссе / сочинение 6

     Some people consider hitch-hiking to be the best way of travelling. Others think that hitch­hiking is dangerous. Hitch-hikers travel by getting rides in other people’s cars. When they want drivers to give them a lift, they stand on the roadside and raise their hand or put out their thumb. Most hitch-hikers also carry a sign with the name of the place they want to go to. But is it safe to travel in such a way?

     Personally, I think that hitch-hiking is a unique opportunity to see different cities and countries. This way of travelling is for enthusiastic people who want to reduce their road expenses. If you want to travel but have no money, hitch-hiking is a single way out. Hitch-hiking will help you get where you want to go for nothing.

     But nowadays hitch-hiking is less common than it used to be some years ago. There have been cases of hitch-hikers or the drivers who picked them up being attacked or killed. That is why people, especially young women, should avoid hitching alone. It is also necessary to be always friendly and polite with drivers in order to avoid conflicts. Besides, a lot of people say that hitch­hiking is not for those who like comfort. Sometimes you will have to walk, that is why you should travel light. You should also prepare for your trip beforehand. You should have a good idea of how to get where you are going and be informed about road conditions and weather forecast.

     To sum up, hitch-hiking is both exciting and dangerous. Anyway, if you have decided to hitch­hike, you should consult other people and ask them to share their impressions.

Эссе / сочинение 7

     Some people prefer travelling by train, while others say that it has a number of disadvan­tages. Nowadays people travel more often than they did in the past. There are different means of trav­el that provide you with comfort and security, so passengers have a great variety of choice avail­able for them. Travelling by train is very popular with many people, though it has a number of disadvantages as well.

     I am fond of travelling by train because I have speed, comfort and pleasure combined. While travelling I can walk around, look through the windows to enjoy a splendid view of the whole countryside and sit where I can stretch my legs. If I am hungry, I can go to the dining-car and have a meal. Trains can run in bad weather. What is more, as trains are electrically-powered, they are considered to be less harmful to the environment than other forms of transport. The service is popular with passengers because it is fast, efficient, comfortable and quiet.

     However, some people say that they don’t like travelling by train. Firstly, they always have to stand in a long line in order to buy train tickets beforehand. Secondly, you cannot stop where you want. Thirdly, when you travel by train, you always have to get to the railway station first. Finally, travelling by train is not very convenient if the trip is long. Of course, travelling by train is not as fast as travelling by plane. But one of the latest inventions is a high-speed train that can run more than 200 km/h.

     To conclude, it is up to you to decide whether to travel by train or not. Anyway, travelling by train has both advantages and disadvantages.

Эссе / сочинение 8

     Medical travel is becoming more and more popular with many people. However, others say that it has many disadvantages. Travelling abroad for medical treatment has been increasingly growing lately. But why do many people choose to go to foreign clinics and is medical travel as beneficial as it seems to be?

     Medical tourists go to foreign countries for different reasons. Firstly, many patients want to undergo certain medical procedures for lower prices. For example, the cost of different opera­tions in India, Thailand or South Africa is much lower than in the United States or Western Europe. Secondly, medical travel gives people the opportunity not only to receive first-rate care from highly qualified specialists, but also to have a holiday in an exotic country. Finally, many people go abroad in order to avoid long waiting periods. In such countries as the USA or Britain a person may wait for a certain medical procedure for a year or even longer. But in other coun­tries a patient can receive the needed treatment immediately.

     Nevertheless, some people say that undergoing treatment abroad may be rather risky. For instance, infectious diseases in such countries as Thailand or Malaysia are different from those in North America and Europe. Foreign diseases may be extremely dangerous to weakened patients. What is more, long flights should be avoided after certain medical procedures. Additionally, some holiday-related activities such as sunbathing or swimming may worsen patients’ health. But to my mind, medical tourism is great because people can combine leisure with medical procedures.

     To conclude, medical travel can save your money and give you an opportunity to rest and visit other countries. However, one should take all possible risks into consideration before making the final decision to go abroad.

Эссе / сочинение 9

     Some people are fond of travelling to exotic countries, while others say that exotic travel is rather risky. Many people dream of exciting travels to sunny, beautiful and interesting places in exotic coun­tries. But every tourist must remember that there are a number of risks that they need to be aware of.

     In my opinion, exotic travel gives you an opportunity to participate in exciting experiences. In exotic countries you can ride a camel or an elephant, enjoy modern cities or picturesque little villages, admire ancient temples and what not. Travelling to exotic countries many tourists would like to watch the daily life of local people, to see mountains, jungles and beaches. I believe that exotic travel is very rewarding because it can lead to totally new understanding of diverse cultures and lifestyles.

     Nevertheless, arranging a perfect travel to exotic places is not an easy task. Travel agencies show tourists colorful catalogues with beautiful beaches and modern hotels. Most people find it difficult to explore this immensity of offers and spot the one that would let them admire a truly stunning seaside, good service, clean beaches and high quality hotels. Many tourists feel ill at ease when they go to an exotic country because they do not know much about its traditions and do not under­stand the language. Some tourists may dislike the local food. Furthermore, they have no natural immunity to foreign diseases. In addition, tourists may have problems with insects, public trans­port, thieves, insistent street vendors and so on.

     To conclude, many people say that once you have tasted the excitement of visiting exotic destinations, you’ll never want to stop. However, tourists must take precautions in order to avoid unpleasant situations and to remain safe and secure.

Рекомендации при написании эссе (сочинения с элементами рассуждения)

На первый взгляд может показаться, что написать эссе (сочинение) на английском языке – это чрезвычайно сложно. Но если знать и соблюдать некоторые правила, то написание эссе (сочинения) будет не таким уж и страшным делом.

Итак, при написании эссе (сочинения) учитывайте следующие моменты:
  1. Придерживайтесь формального стиля письма. Помните, что сокращения типа don’t, can’t, I’m, it’s – это не формальный стиль. Также избегайте восклицательных знаков, что тоже не соответствует нейтральности формального стиля. Следите за лексикой и не используйте таких фраз, как: well, to tell the truth и др. Эти фразы не соответствуют формальному стилю.
  2. Разделите ваше эссе (сочинение) на несколько логических частей (абзацев). В первом абзаце представьте проблему, которую будете рассматривать в эссе. Чтобы правильно это сделать, переформулируйте тему. Не повторяйте тему, а переформулируйте ее! 
  3. Далее рассмотрите проблему с двух сторон – найдите два-три аргумента, поддерживающих одну точку зрения и столько же – в пользу другой. Не надо писать все аргументы, которые приходят в голову. Выберите два-три самых весомых и изложите их.
  4. Выскажите свое отношение к проблеме. В двух-трех предложениях объясните, почему вы так думаете. Не повторяйте дословно уже приведенную аргументацию. Используйте перефразирование.
  5. В последнем абзаце сделайте вывод по проблеме.
  6. Следите за объемом эссе (сочинения). Принцип "чем больше, тем лучше” здесь неприменим. Эксперт, проверяющий вашу работу жестко отсчитывает нужное количество слов и проверяет только тот объем, который укладывается в норму. Эссе (сочинение) менее установленного объема вообще не проверяется и никак не оценивается.

Категория: C2: Сочинение | Добавил: teacher (20.09.2012)
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